Flora & Fauna destinations of Sri Lanka

Horton Plains National Park

Situated in a highest plateau is an paradise..

Horton Plains national Park situated in Sri Lanka's highest plateau is an excellent excursion and a paradise for nature lovers, hikers and bird watching. The grassy plains still host many other wild lives. Also within the park is the World's End, a shear drop of 1000m offers a breathtaking view of the land below on clear days, Bakers Falls and trails for hikers.


Designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1989.

Sinharaja Forest Reserve is considered one of the most important natural habitats in Sri Lanka. This majestic rainforest was deemed an International Man and Biosphere Reserve in 1978 and deservedly designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1989. The forest offers a huge diversity of species both flora and fauna with a large proportion of those being indigenous to the country and some more specifically endemic to Sinharaja itself.

Wilpattu National Park

Nearly sixty lakes (Willu) and tanks are found spread throughout .

Wilpattu National Park (Willu-pattu; Land of Lakes) is a park located on the island of Sri Lanka. The unique feature of this park is the existence of “Willus” (Natural lakes) - Natural, sand-rimmed water basins or depressions that fill with rainwater. Located in the Northwest coast lowland dry zone of Sri Lanka. The park is 131, 693 hectares and ranges from 0 to 152 meters above sea level. Nearly sixty lakes (Willu) and tanks are found spread throughout Wilpattu. Wilpattu is the largest and oldest National Park in Sri Lanka. Wilpattu is also among the top national parks world renowned for its Leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya) population.

Yala National Park

Yala is one of the highest leopard densities in the world.

Yala National Park or Ruhuna National Park is the second largest and most beloved national park in Sri Lanka.

Major attraction is the Sri Lankan Leopard,Panthera Pardus Kotiya, The Sri Lanka’s top predator, Yala is one of the highest leopard densities in the world and the number of mammals that has been recorded from the park is 44, you could also easily spot the majestic tuckers, Sloth bears and countless number of birds.

Knuckles Mountain Range

The entire area is characterised by its striking landscapes .

The Knuckles Mountain Range lies in central Sri Lanka, The range takes its name from a series of recumbent folds and peaks in the west of the massif which resemble the knuckles of clenched fist when viewed from certain locations in the Kandy District. Whilst this name was assigned by early British surveyors, the Sinhalese residents have traditionally referred to the area as Dumbara Kanduvetiya meaning mist-laden mountain range. The entire area is characterised by its striking landscapes often robed in thick layers of cloud but in addition to its aesthetic value the range is of great scientific interest. It is a climatic microcosm of the rest of Sri Lanka. The conditions of all the climatic zones in the country are exhibited in the massif. At higher elevations there is a series of isolated cloud forests, harbouring a variety of flora and fauna, some of which cannot be found anywhere else in the world.

Adams Peak

Adam's Peak was an important place of pilgrimage.

Jutting sharply skyward from the lush jungles of southwestern Sri Lanka is the 7362 foot (2243 meter) peak of Sri Pada, the 'Holy Footprint'. Also called Adam's Peak, According to Buddhist traditions from as early as 300 BC, the real print is actually beneath this larger marking. Imprinted on a huge sapphire, it was left by the Buddha during the third and final of his legendary visits to Sri Lanka.

Bundala National Park

Sri Lanka's foremost destinations for birdwatchers.

Bundala National Park is one of Sri Lanka's foremost destinations for birdwatchers, protecting an important area of coastal wetland famous for its abundant aquatic (and other) birdlife, as well as being home to significant populations of elephants, crocodiles, turtles and other fauna, Of the 150 bird species listed in the park, every species of water bird found in the country is said to visit here. The rare Black-necked stork and Great Thick-knee are particular birding highlights. It is easy to spot Blue-tailed Bee-eater, Spoonbill, Red Shank, Green Shank, Spot-billed Pelican, Blue-faced Malkoha, Brahminy Kite, Crested Hawk eagle and Brown Shrike, to name but a few. Migrants and vagrants make the journey from as far as Siberia ; over 10,000 shore birds might be feeding at any one time between October and March.